Articles

Holographic and quantum Universe

 

 

 

 

 

 

Left to right: Global temperature anisotropy of the Universe, Lie group E8, bits on the surface of the sphere.

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In science, there exists a uniquely potent partnership between theory and engineering.  Theorists understand engineering. Engineers draw on a deep understanding of the theory. It’s normally a pretty harmonious. Yet occasionally these two worlds collide. The theorists say something is just not possible and the engineers say: «We’re going to try it anyway — it’s worth a shot.» There is one field of science where just such a contest has been raging for years, perhaps the most contentious field in all science/engineering — gravity control… .

 

 

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The question of the theory of everything (TOE), or the theory of unification of all basic interactions (electromagnetic, weak, strong, and gravitational), into a unified theory might be one of the main issues in physics. All these forces, except for gravitational forces, arise as a result of the exchange of particles — the carriers of interaction. But there is some non-contradictory duality in understanding. The Holographic Principle has come very close to solving this problem.

The idea of Holographic Principle appears as the following: some remote two-dimensional “2 + 1” (2D) surface  – a cosmological horizon of the Universe, or simply a holographic screen, contains all the information needed for a complete description of our world.

“In the limit of a very large region, the bounding surface can be taken to be a flat plane at infinity. In some way, the phenomena taking place in three-dimensional space can be projected onto a distant “viewing screen” with no loss of information” [1] [page 3. 18].

As in optical hologram, the data represented by the entropy information on the inflation holographic screen in the center of projections, create three-dimensional objects.

The projections of phenomena in three-dimensional space can also be directed back to the holographic screen. But it is very important that the process of projecting takes place with no loss of information and with no limitation by distance and time. Thus, the holographic screen – the cosmological horizon of the Universe – is the surface of a single current coordinate of time where there is all information about «3D+1″ (3D) world around us. Like characters on a TV screen, we live on a flat surface of an inflating sphere without thickness, which only seems deep to us. 3D evolution led us to that we cannot imagine 2D surface without 3D space, and fundamental laws of physics play key role in this, arising as a result of holographic scenario, together with space-time. Therefore, the Holographic Principle with one real 2D surface is belligerently perceived by a part of scientific community, although, in essence, it does not contradict the well-known Standard Model of physics. Moreover, the fundamental laws of physics themselves are not postulated and not made match the experiment, as their authors did, but are mathematically derived from the laws of thermodynamics on the holographic screen [2]. These properties are proved by the Holographic Principle and are in good agreement with the properties of optical hologram. Hence, the question can be posed: what is real in the optical hologram – a film with information or a three-dimensional image? Physics uniquely answers that its laws make more sense when written in two dimensions, rather than in three dimensions.

Thermodynamics on holographic screen (hs) Dimensioned

 

Moreover, “we can express the entropy change in terms of the acceleration” [2] [page 11. 14]. “Thus, we conclude that acceleration is related to an entropy gradient. This will be one of our main principles” [2] [page 11. 22].

 

ΔS ∼ α

Let us consider temperature on a holographic screen:

 

(1)

where Ths is temperature on a holographic screen,   is a positive or negative difference of temperatures in two points per a unit of distance between them –Δx, this is a vector value. The minimum distance limit equals to Planck distance. The maximum limit is the distance between two central points of the lobes of the global temperature dipole anisotropy of the Universe [3], projected on the holographic screen.

Considering that the entropy of a system depends on the distance, an entropic force Fentr could arise from the thermodynamical conjugate of the distance as [2] [page 7. (3.7)]

(2)

Fentr – essentially, the fundamental entropic force can be considered as a sign that it is manifested on the holographic screen in the range. Let us substitute (1) into (2).

(3)

where Fentr is an entropic force, is a temperature gradient, is a gradient of entropy associated with acceleration of phenomena projections on the holographic screen. Under the action of an entropic force, the center of projections and the center of accelerations coinciding with the former move in three-dimensional space. This is a fundamental entropic force (a super force) on the holographic screen which, as a result of natural coding of information in emerging spatial bundles, can be represented by four known forces.

ΔT is the temperature gradient, which is responsible for all the constants together with the global acceleration of the holographic screen.

ΔS is the entropy gradient associated with the acceleration of matter (in fact, information about the projected matter that moves across the screen).

The experimental data [3] on existence of the large-scale dipole temperature anisotropy of the Universe suggest that a pairwise “no-time-delay” displacement of projections of diametrically opposite centers of gradients (nodes and antinodes) of accelerations on the 2D holographic screen with its temperature gradient ΔT (Tu) induces oppositely directed impulse for each phenomena projection.

The entropic force also acquires a guise of gravity force in the emerging space-time. As the gravity force Fg dominates at large distances, but is very weak at small scales, its magnitude depends more on the interaction of the entropy gradients caused by the matter accelerations with the global temperature gradient of the holographic screen (the projections of dipole temperature anisotropy of the Universe.

  Fg = ΔTΔS.

 (4)

Then, Fg  is a directional gravity force, ΔT is a global temperature gradient on the cosmological horizon of the Universe, Δis an entropy gradient caused by acceleration of matter. Hence, displacement of the phenomena projections due to complementary accelerations on the 2D holographic screen leads to the emergence of opposing and long-range directional gravity force in 3D space. This means that the entropic force displaces the coordinates of the center of the matter accelerations (the particles under quantum shifts) and takes the form of all known forces and gravity force, in particular.

 

Unusual  Gyroscope MGEF

 

Relying on the principle of least action, let us consider a classical system. The classical limit describes the free motion of a system along a classical path – a straight line, or its free rotation around a fixed axis or around one point, with a three-dimensional oscillation, in which case the paths are created by equal and complete angular displacements of the points around each of the three axes per cycle. The key features are a straight line and equal angles. Thus, the existence of the arrow of time can be considered as a consequence of the existence of classical paths of free particles in the emerging space, or the absence of bifurcations of these paths. Such functions can be studied using spatial bundles and the properties of fractal sets. This conclusion gives us the key to considering (in a fractal at the level of apples) all possible paths (particles) as the paths of poles on a sphere that arise as a result of coherent oscillations of the sphere in a vacuum. Such method allows us to consider a binary method of information coding on the holographic screen illustrated by the operation of a unique hybrid of a classical and quantum device – the MGEF gyroscope.

 

Coherent oscillations

Slow computer simulation of coherent oscillation of a spherical rotor.

 

Let us start with the definition of a coherent oscillation of a classical body.

We consider the rotation of the physical body around a three fixed axis per cycle. According to Euler’s rotation theorem, simultaneous rotation along a number of stationary axes at the same time is impossible. If two rotations are forced at the same time, a new axis of rotation will appear. The rotation of a physical body per cycle around three fixed axes does not contradict Euler’s rotation theorem.

“The motion of a physical body when only one its point О remains fixed all the time is called the rigid body motion (rotation) around a fixed point О. In this case, all points of the physical body move along the surface of concentric spheres, the centers of which are located in the point О. Therefore, such motion is called the spherical motion of the body.” Based on the definition of the spherical motion, we obtain parametric equations of the coherent oscillation of the elements of mass from the principle of least action.

«Coherent oscillations of the elements of mass are the spherical motion of a physical body, the forced full harmonic oscillations of which are successively shifted by 90° or 180° and which are produced in a cycle by angular displacements of its points around the fixed axes of Cartesian coordinates associated with the accelerating observer».

(5)

Then angles: θx- roll, θy — pitch, θz — yaw and parameters θ= πt and -1 ≤ t ≤ 1; where is geometrical angle admeasured by arbitrary clockwise or anticlockwise direction, starting from the relevant semiaxis, and t sets the needed accuracy of angular rotations. The motion formula (5) is given parametrically, and it is applicable for any rotor radius. When Δt → 0, we have small-angle.

“The small-angle approximation is a useful simplification of the basic trigonometric functions which is approximately true in the limit where the angle approaches zero. They are truncations of the Taylor series for the basic trigonometric functions to a second-order approximation.”  [5].

sin(θ)≅ θ

“In the limit of a very large region, the bounding surface can be taken to be a flat plane at infinity».  [1] [page 3. 18].  Then рrojections on holographic screen H = A=∞,  S — Arc length — the path of the projected point and  O — Line segment on a holographic screen.  Then S = O and

sin(θ)= θ.

 

Thus, the number of directions of coherent oscillations can be calculated:

 

 

The table shows four variants from all (64) that do not fall under the definition of coherent oscillations (there is no phase shift).

The table shows all (60) variants coherent oscillations of rotor unusual gyroscope MGEF around the fixed axes of the Cartesian coordinates X, Y, Z.

According to the definition of a coherent oscillation, all elements of mass of a physical body move along the surface of concentric spheres around one fixed point. If we compare all the points of the physical body with the elements of its mass, we can conclude that we are dealing with a cooperative quantum phenomenon. The complementary accelerations of the elements of mass that are directedly associated with directed the fixed Cartesian coordinates, nodes and antinodes, make a fixed interference pattern that reflects the known geometric structure. Other ways of describing coherent oscillations (not parametric) can lead to loss of information. For example, the task of finding the final coordinate of point a system can be performed on two legs or one hypotenuse, in the second case it leads to loss of information, although the end result is the same. Recall that the main law of conservation for the Holographic Principle is the law of information preservation. The Holographic Principle asserts that its origin must lie in the number of fundamental degrees of freedom involved in a unified description of spacetime and matter.

⇒ t

 

 

 

From the experimental, i. e. a relative, point of view, physical consistency of the holographic theory is important, that is, its consistency with the relative dimensions in 3D. It is this relativity that allows us to analyze the emergence of space, time, and all known particles as a way of coding information on the 2D holographic screen. For the ordinary physical bodies and all of us – the observers in our classical world, – all projected information lossless about us is blurred on the holographic screen as a result of decoherence. This means that each point in the Universe is associated with each point and simultaneously with the global temperature gradient known as anisotropy of the Universe. From the position of quantum mechanics, the recording information is made when the wavefunction collapses, i.e., Instantaneously vanish everywhere except at the point where particle detected. Information — entropy recorded and stored on the holographic screen as temperature gradients, and this recorded information of the past time cannot be destroyed.

The second law of thermodynamics says the entropy of an isolated system can increase, but not decrease. Hence, entropy measurement is a way of distinguishing the past from the future in a thermodynamic system that is closed, according to the Holographic Principle it is a holographic screen of the Universe.

The entropy – the information on the inflationary holographic screen – increases in the same direction as the arrow of time — from the present to the future. It should be noted that the Holographic Principle tells us that since only a surface with two coordinates is real, only two of the three coordinates of space have time, the third coordinate does not have a time component. This tells us about the global violation of symmetry of space-time itself.

How does the arrow of time arise? It arises as a consequence of inflation of the holographic screen surface and of the natural growth of entropy-information on it. The inflation of the holographic surface leads to the emergence of the holographic direction and is accompanied by red shifts. This process is associated with some procedure of coarsening, or quantization (coarse graining procedure) of information on the holographic screen. Proceeding from this, let us den of the holographic screen inflation by the parameter q – the holographic screen “coordinate”. The q time dependence defines “the quantum path” of the particle on the holographic screen. We will consider the q(t) path of the particle as a discrete elementary random event with the coordinate x, y (Increases or decreases from the inflation of a holographic screen). For the analysis of coding of information on the holographic screen, we will regard the paths where the time sign is randomly variable from the present to the future and reverse. The multivaluedness of the path results in the fact that the holographic screen is in all its states q simultaneously, at any given moment t. The set of all such paths q(t) constitutes the surface W of discrete elementary events – random-process manifestations. A physical event or physical value correlates with each subset on the surface W.

So, how does the transition to a classical state of the quantum system of the Universe occur?

The fact is that each path of the particle on holographic screen visited both the present and the future, having traversed all possible paths. The contribution from all paths, except for one single, the classical one, was reduced due to the interaction with the classical device – the global temperature gradient on the holographic screen. This is the same quantum mechanism of interaction of a particle with a measuring device, which fixes values of classical physical quantities and distribution of their probabilities. In contrast to the energy eigenstates of the system, the time evolution of a coherent state is concentrated along the classical trajectories. The quantum linear harmonic oscillator, and hence coherent states, arise in the quantum theory of a wide range of physical systems.Hence, the existence of Hamilton’s principle (the principle of least action) in classical physics is a consequence of the existence of the global temperature gradient on the inflationary holographic screen of the Universe.

 

1. QUANTUM HOLOGRAM

Postulate. Any experiment can be completely analyzed by means of the following rule: The probability for finding a particle possessing any given property is equal to the sum over all paths on the holographic screen that have this property; each path occurs with the weight cos(Sx/h)·sin(Sу/h) and is the result of inflation of the holographic screen; Sx and Sу is the change of the classical action along the paths x and y averaged to the global dipole temperature gradient ΔT(hs) on the 2D holographic screen of the Universe and h is Planck’s constant. The probability for finding a given value p for the physical quantity p { x, y (t) }, which depends on the paths x(t) and y(t) (p can be a two coordinates, entropy and the temperature at a particular time (single coordinate of the time of holographic screen), at different times — information can be presented emerged of the three coordinates (space-time and energy-mass), is given symbolically by:

(1)

denotes the integral over all paths for which p {x, y (t) } = p

 

The distribution (1) can in some measure be proved. We start from the classical ideas about the microscopic world. Particles move along paths x,y (t), and each path occurs with a probability W {x,y (t)}. Knowing W { x,y (t)} , one can find the probability of any event a: W (p)=~ W {x,y ( t)}.

We assume that W {x,y ( t)} depends only on the change of the action along the path on a surface. In classical
mechanics the sign of the action can be arbitrary; therefore

W { x,y ( t)} = W(Sx ) + W(- Sx), W(Sy ) + W (- Sy).

For two paths the probability must fall apart into a product of probabilities, i.e., we must have the relation:
W (Sx1 + Sx2) + W (- Sx1 + Sx2) + W (Sx1- Sx2) + W(-Sx1 -Sx2) = [W (Sx1) + W (- Sx1)] [W (Sx2) + W (-Sx2)].
W (Sy1 + Sy2) + W (- Sy1 + Sy2) + W (Sy1- Sy2) + W(-Sy1 -Sy2) = [W (Sy1) + W (- Sy1)] [W (Sy2) + W (-Sy2)].

From this we have W (Sx,y) =cosaSx · sinaSy, where «a» is a constant; with quantum mechanics
(or with experiment) we get a = 1/h. The quantity cos (Sx/h) and sin (Sy/h) can be negative (our assumptions are in part untrue), but the probabilities measured in experiments turn out to be positive. These are probabilities associated with the measurement of commuting quantities, in which it is not necessary to take into account the reaction of the instruments. Is the possibility of using Eq. (1) allows to carry over accustomed classical ideas into the microscopic world. [6]

 

Coding of information on holographic screen

The information is associated with harmonic oscillations around each of the three axes, and the shift of the coherent oscillation phase can be coded with two binary digits[i] for each axis and additionally with one binary digit – for two directions of time. As mentioned above, coding of the direction of time can only be applied to the two coordinates of the holographic screen, for example (X and Y), as the third coordinate Z is “emerging”.

 


Then: Thus, the bits code the  shift phases of harmonic oscillations sin(θ)=0,  -sin(θ)=1, cos(θ)=2, -cos(θ)=3; For the sum of three coordinates and plus of two directions of time (2¹) [6], this is a byte of information minus eight bits of binary information that reflect the group of non-coherent oscillations (with no phase shifts).

Hence, the number of the possible paths at coherent oscillations, certainly, and at its maximum, is equal to the number of the known and still unidentified particles. Three groups of paths and, accordingly, particles, associated with their Cartesian axes, from three known generations of particles.

The result of calculating the paths of coherent oscillations of the rotor in an unusual MGEF gyroscope leads us exactly to the known E8 geometry theory. This is the only natural conclusion, as this is the sound coherent oscillations in the early Universe, against the background of its temperature anisotropy, that drew forth the birth of the whole particle “zoo” [3].

The graph E8

A Lie group of Е8 with 248 generators has an amazing inner structure. In addition to the particles of the Standard model, Е8 includes W’–, Z’– and X–bosons, an abundant family of Higgs bosons, the new particles called mirror fermions. The symmetry of this group is called triality. These three blocks together can intercross producing all three known generations of particles.

The information about the particles of matter and their interactions can be encoded on the holographic surface of our Universe with no loss of information and being projected, they can represent a single and geometrical object. The elements of fiber space, the “fibers” of this theory represent all known interactions and all known and still unidentified particles.

The standard model of elementary particle physics is the best modern theory that unites all physical interactions (electromagnetic, weak and strong nuclear interactions), excluding gravitational ones. This theory was formulated in the 1970s. It describes the three forces and the particles obeying them as dynamic geometrical objects that in mathematical formalism are called the Lie groups, or the fiber bundles.

Thus, if we accept coherent oscillations as a way of information coding, then the gravity forces dominating at a distance are naturally united with electromagnetic, weak and strong nuclear forces, and all of them will be part of a single geometrical structure – a fractal.

 Theory E8

In 2007, Antony Garrett Lisi suggested a new Grand Unified Theory [4]. Model E8 unifying all subatomics — is embedded golden ratio wave mechanics. In such a unified field theory, called E8, all particles and forces are described by rotations of a single geometrical object — as an area of a small causal «diamond».

Similarly, in modern physics, geometrical objects, compared with elementary particles, are the regular figures that belong to the emerging space in our 3D world. The fibers that lie outside the surface of the holographic screen, are mathematically the external spaces “attached” to each point of the usual 3D space, and they have different shapes depending on the particle properties. This visual geometry concept, first suggested in 1918 by a mathematician Hermann Weyl, today, has become a well-established physical principle. Having a fixed shape, the fibers of the outer space differ from the assumed spatial dimensions of string theory.

Speaking in the language of geometry theory, the fact that electromagnetic field exists everywhere in our space, there is a result of the fact that its fibers have the simplest shape – a circle which has symmetry called U(1) and is a simplest example of a Lie group named so after a Norwegian mathematician of the 20th century Sophus Lie. A circle has a unique symmetry: when it rotates around its center, it transits into itself, without changing. The rotation of a circle around its center is called a Lie group generator. Following generator as a compass needle, one can make angular rotations around the center. The fiber bundle for electromagnetic interactions is circles “attached” to each point of space-time. It is important to note that each circle can rotate relative to its space-time “neighbors”. The so-called connectivity field for the fiber bundle describes how neighboring fibers are connected by means of their symmetric rotations. The fields of electric and magnetic interactions fill space-time according to the curvature of their fibers; in other words, electric and magnetic fields follow the rotations of the circular fibers in space-time. An electromagnetic wave is wave-like oscillations of the mentioned circles in space-time. One quantum of the electromagnetic wave (a photon) is a spreading particle of light. The photon is in the center of E8, and this confirms its masslessness, as the stationary position in the structure deprives it of complementary accelerations.

Each type of elementary particles corresponds to a different fiber in space-time. For example, all electrons originate from the rotation of a fiber of one kind – this, in particular, explains why all electrons are the same. The fibers of electrically charged particles, such as an electron, rotate around the circular fibers of electromagnetic interactions along three-dimensional paths. The rate of circular rotations of the fiber corresponding to a particle is equivalent to the electric charge of such particle, that is, such rate characterizes the degree of the particle interaction with the electromagnetic field.

Since the circular rotations are periodical, the charges of a relative particle are integers multiplied by some standard unit of electric charge. Among elementary particles of matter, called fermions, electrons have an electric charge of –1 (three complete turns), up quarks have an electric charge of +2/3 (two opposite turns), down quarks have an electric charge of –1/3 (one rotation), and a neutrino has 0. The particles of antimatter, such as positrons and antiquarks, rotate around an electromagnetic circle in the opposite direction, that is why these particles obtain the opposite electric charge.

All that is described in this article is a small part of information. A huge amount of scientific information can be studied in detail and experimentally verified using an unusual МGEF gyroscope. The research based on a fundamentally new electro-mechatronic device – a hybrid of a classical and quantum device, the unusual МGEF gyroscope enables to study classical, holographic, cosmological, and quantum physics in a new and inexpensive way.

 

 

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The challenge moving information faster than the speed of light

Well-known physical theory — Holographic Principle points to the interesting phenomenon: information-entropy caused by the acceleration of matter can be projected on the cosmological horizon — a holographic display of the Universe without losing information. This means that at specially created conditions can be observed superluminal velocity and the principles of the theory of relativity is not violated. It should be emphasized that «ban» relativity theory applies only to the motion of material bodies and signals. In many situations, perhaps the movement at any speed, but it is not the motion of material objects and signals — only projections. For example, if you take a flashlight (or, say, a laser, giving a narrow beam) and quickly describe it in the air arc, the linear velocity of the light spot in the sky will increase with distance and at a sufficiently large distance to exceed the speed of light. the light spot (rabbit) is moved between points A and B with a superluminal speed, but it will not be the signal transmission from A to B as a light spot carries no information about the point A. However, everything changes when running the Holographic Principle. Imagine gyroscope in which a spherical rotor is balanced in a vacuum. It can be rotated in either direction under computer control around one fixed point — the center of mass. If the conventional gyroscope rotor per cycle makes one revolution around the axis, in unusual gyroscope MGEF rotor can do a full rotation per cycle around the three axes. Elements of rotor mass — produce coherent oscillations, they are directed along a fixed Cartesian axes. We have the direction rotary acceleration, which is projected on opposite sides of the cosmological horizon of the Universe without losing information. Because: «In the limit of a very large region, the bounding surface can be taken to be a flat plane at infinity. In some way, the phenomena taking place in three-dimensional space can be projected onto a distant «viewing screen» with no loss of information» — L. Susskind. The antinodes and nodes (accelerations) form an interference pattern of the six identical sections. These are analogs of our light spot. We can move the rabbits in pairs on the screen, but now they are represented by the information itself, which moves without limiting the speed of light. Thermodynamics on a holographic screen shows the emergence of a directed gravitational force that obeys Newton’s Second Law. In fact, the appearance of a long-range force is the result of moving part of the projections and their interaction with the global temperature gradient on the holographic screen of the Universe. So we have gravity forces (attached to the center of the rotor of an unusual gyroscope). The computer for controlling the motion of the rotor determines the direction and magnitude of the gravitational force, thereby obtaining information on the position of the temperature gradients of the Universe in real time. The challenge moving information faster than the speed of light and control gravity can be solved in an unusual gyroscope MGEF (www.isan.com.ua). If in the Universe there is reasonable of civilization they will use this channel of communication.

 

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References

[1] L. Susskind, “The World as a Hologram”. J. Math. Phys. 36 (1995) 6377, arXiv:hep-th/9409089.

[2] E. Verlinde. “On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton”, 2010,  arXiv:1001.0785v1 [hep-th].

[3] G. F. Smoot  “Cosmic microwave background radiation anisotropies: Their discovery and utilization”, Reviews of Modern Physics, Volume 79, October–December 2007.

[4] A. G. Lisi «An Exceptionally Simple Theory of Everything», 2007, https://arxiv.org/pdf/0711.0770.pdf.

[5] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small-angle_approximation

[6] QUANTUM -MECHANICAL PROBABILITIES AS SUMS OVER PATHS G. V. RIAZANOV

http://jetp.ac.ru/cgi-bin/dn/e_016_04_0909.pdf

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A FUNDAMENTALLY NEW TYPE OF POWER GROSCOPE

Today, the Holographic Principle — is hundreds of theoretical works by famous world-class physicists: G. ‘t Hooft, L. Susskind, J.D. Bekenstein, E. Verlinde, J.M. Maldacena, R. Bousso … . Already there are experimental studies confirming the operation of the Holographic Principle (for example [3][4]).

The Holographic Principle was born after the discovery of the laws of thermodynamics on the surface of the black hole and suggests that the entire Universe can be seen as two-dimensional information (entropy) on the cosmological horizon — on the holographic screen). «In some way, the phenomena taking place in three-dimensional space can be projected onto a distant «viewing screen» with no loss of information» [1] [page. 3. 18]. Thermodynamics on the holographic screen, where gradients of the entropy may be are represented as accelerations of elements of mass, allowed E. Verlinde to deduce the fundamental laws of Newton (in particular the Second Law) [2] [page. 8. 8]. This means that for creating entropic forces do not require exotic masses and energy and all directed accelerations without loss can be projected onto the holographic screen of the Universe as entropy gradients.

Based on the Holographic Principle, propose of the creation unusual gyroscope MGEF (Module Generator of Entropic Forces — a hybrid of the classical and quantum device). The unusual gyroscope is that the cycle of its spherical rotor makes one complete revolution around the three axes.

The concept of the MGEF design — a thick-wall sphere (rotor) with the magnets in a vacuum inside another sphere (stator) with inductance coils. This construction allows to thermodynamically isolate rotor it from the environment and reduce friction.

The computer system used sensors and drivers creating forced coherent oscillations of the rotor and pairwise shifts of the direction of the accelerations (and accordingly projections gradients of the entropic on the holographic screen with global temperature gradient on it [5]). In accordance with the laws of thermodynamics, as a result of displacement of projections gradients of the entropic will be emerged uncompensated entropic forces. The third Newton law is not violated since the size of the closed of the system is limited to a holographic screen.

We formulate the idea — rotor MGEF produces forced coherent oscillations, creating the interference pattern of the accelerations and her shift of direction, as result, emerge directed entropic forces are applied to the center of the projections and to coincident centers of accelerations and the center of mass of the rotor. Entropic force may demonstrate on a torsion balance.

Registration of entropic force in MGEF may serve as evidence of the holographic nature of the Universe.

Modular design (the possibility of reprogramming) allows you to use an unusual gyroscope MGEF in various applications.

References:
[1] L. Susskind, «The World as a Hologram». J. Math. Phys. 36 (1995) 6377, arXiv:hep-th/9409089.
[2] Erik Verlinde. «On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton». arXiv:1001.0785v1 [hep-th].
[3]  Margot M. Brouwer, Manus R. Visser, Andrej Dvornik, Henk Hoekstra, Konrad Kuijken, Edwin A. Valentijn, Maciej Bilicki, Chris Blake, Sarah Brough, Hugo Buddelmeijer, Thomas Erben,Catherine Heymans, Hendrik Hildebrandt, Benne W. Holwerda, Andrew M. Hopkins, Dominik Klaus, Jochen Liske, Jon Loveday, John McFarland, Reiko Nakajima, Cristóbal Sifón,Edward N. Taylor »  «First test of Verlinde’s theory of Emergent Gravity using Weak Gravitational Lensing measurements»  https://arxiv.org/abs/1612.03034.

[4] Niayesh Afshordi, Claudio Corian, Luigi Delle Rose, Elizabeth Gould, and Kostas Skenderis » Observational Tests of Holographic Cosmology»  arxiv.org/pdf/1607.04878v2.pdf.
[5] George F. Smoot «Cosmic microwave background radiation anisotropies: Their discovery and utilization» REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS, VOLUME 79, OCTOBER–DECEMBER 2007.

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Modern physics is in a rather serious ideological crisis

The crisis in physics has been going on for several decades, and its corresponding depth tells us that we are on the threshold of fundamental breakthroughs. Therefore, the appearance of the Holographic Principle, a new non-trivial idea, and use of it in the great scheme of things looks natural.

The MGEF (a module generator of entropic forces) — a new project for the experimental verification of the Holographic Principle. If the Holographic Principle works, the long-range gravitational forces could be generated. Please see my website www.isan.com.ua for more details.

The equivalence principle tells us that we cannot distinguish between inertial and gravitational mass by experiment. Einstein invented an experiment with an elevator. The elevator is infinitely remote from the gravitating bodies and moves with acceleration. Then all the bodies in the elevator will be under the force of inertia and put pressure on the elevator base surface. That is, the bodies will have weight. If the elevator is not moving, but hanging over the gravitating mass in a homogeneous field, all bodies will also put pressure on the base surface. Thus, it is not possible to distinguish between these two forces in the elevator. Therefore, all mechanical phenomena will occur equally in both elevators.

Einstein extended this statement to all masses of physical bodies in the Universe. If we are looking for a way to control gravity and Einstein’s axiom allows us not to distinguish between the forces of inertia and gravity, we must take advantage of this and involve the fact that there are forces of inertia which depend on speed. In engineering, a powered gyroscope means a rotor rapidly rotating about the axis of symmetry, and one of its points is stationary.

The MGEF gyroscope is a fundamentally new type of gyroscope, which differs from the conventionally powered gyroscopes not merely by the absence of mechanical axes and the absence of the gas cushion, but also by the coherent oscillation of the spherical rotor in the stator vacuum cavity. While the rotor of a conventionally powered gyroscope makes a complete rotation around the same axis per one oscillation cycle, the MGEF gyroscope rotor rotates around three axes (Ox, Oy, Oz). This is its conceptual difference from any other powered gyroscope. The levitation of the rotor within the stator is achieved by suspending it in the active electromagnetic suspension. Each full oscillation cycle is divided into a number of microcycles, which in turn are grouped in triads of alternating angular movements of its points around each of the axes. At the time of one of the microcycles, it is physically no different from the conventional gyroscope; therefore, the distribution of forces in it can be considered as in the case of a two-axis or three-axis gyroscope. Typically, a gimbal is used in the three-axis gyroscopes, which allows free rotating of the rotor relative to the three axes, and this is what makes them akin to the MGEF gyroscope. Along with the external suspension, the internal gimbal is used. The rapidly rotating rotor in such suspension is ring-shaped, and it is rotatable relative to the axis Ox and along with the crosspiece fixed in a frame. The number of degrees of the rotor freedom is determined by the number of independent parameters, the task of which clearly defines its position with a single fixed point at any time. The gyroscopes are also common in that the rotor center of mass coincides with its geometric center, the center of suspension and the center of resultant forces, and the cylindrical or spherical rotor elements of mass move along the relevant surfaces of multiple concentric cylinders or spheres. These are called neutral or balanced gyroscopes.

The three-axis gyroscope with no external moments along its suspension axes is called a master gyroscope. In the neutral gyroscope, in simplistic terms, its rotational movement can be considered independently of the progressive motion along with the point of suspension, as the moment of progressive motion of inertial force and the support reaction moment relative to the point of suspension are zero, regardless of their magnitude and direction. Since the ratio of the oscillation phases is a constant, and they occur around the fixed Cartesian coordinates, such fluctuations are temporally and spatially coherent. Accelerations constitute fixed the six diametrically opposite and equal to each area of nodes and anti-nodes that form an interference pattern. The Holographic Principle allows us to make a projection of directed accelerations of every point of the rotor on the holographic screen without loss of information. This means that the diametrically opposite centers of accelerations of the MGEF rotor and the known large-scale (dipole) anisotropy of the universe are already on the holographic screen of the universe. Approximately half of the entropy density (temperature gradients) on the holographic screen of the universe are different from each other, so two of the four groups of the entropy gradients (a half of them), due to the movement of the rotor elements of mass during displacement, experience a different interaction with these areas. A large-scale breaking of symmetry on the cosmological horizon — the holographic screen, and the result of accelerating elements of mass during displacement lead to a directional entropic force that is applied to the geometric center (for a spherical rotor, this is the center of mass which coincides with its geometric center). According to the Holographic Principle, the change in this entropy when the matter moves leads to the entropy force that assumes the guise of gravity.

Fg=ΔTΔS ,

Where Fg is the gravitational force, ΔT is the temperature gradient on the cosmological horizon, ΔS is the entropy gradient resulting from the matter displacement. After transformations, we arrive at Newton’s second law, and it means that the gravity can be controlled without exotic masses and energies. Thus, the integral gravity effect is determined by a variety of entropy forces interacting with the large-scale (global) dipole anisotropy represented by the temperature at the holographic screen of the universe. Gravity is a thermodynamic phenomenon. This mechanism is similar to the principle underlying the optical hologram as information communication of each its pixel with information as a whole.
A series of generated controlled and directed gravity forces allows us to perform shifting of the entire MGEF gyroscope structure in space in any chosen direction in a nonreactive way. This means that for one point, i.e., the MGEF rotor center of mass, the gravity, for example, the gravity of the Earth, can be fully compensated and/or overcome.
Shown — very slow simulation of coherent fluctuation of a rotor of MGEF on one of the 60 options.

This technology can be expanded to a meaningful scale, it could portend a revolution in the space industry. Spacecraft would no longer need hundreds of kilograms or even tons of propellant to stay in orbit or explore deep space. The International Space Station, for instance, burns through approximately 4 tons of propellant each year, and more fuel must be delivered to it regularly at a cost of about $20,000 a kilogram.

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Pixels and voxels

We have so far only a mental (not real) device — an unusual MGEF gyroscope. Today there is a process of searching for ways of its practical implementation. But even now, considering (three-dimensional coherent oscillations of its rotor) and thanks to fractality, we can find information about the structure of our world and understand its physics. To understand is to define, through something very simple.

One of the surprises of modern physics was the discovery that the world is a kind of holographic. But even more surprising was the fact that the number of pixels that this hologram contains is proportional to the surface area surrounding the described scene, and not to its volume In other words: everything that is, for example, in your room is a holographic image recorded on a two-dimensional the surface that bounds this room. That is, in fact, you and all the other furnishings of the room — all this is a quantum hologram, recorded on the surface bounding the volume. This hologram is a two-dimensional array of tiny pixels, each of which has a size of the order of the Planck length! Of course, the nature of the quantum hologram and the method for encoding the two-dimensional data are very different from those of conventional optical holograms. But they have one common feature: the image of a three-dimensional world is completely encrypted on a 2D surface. The image on the computer screen is a two-dimensional surface filled with luminous pixels. Each pixel carries information about the intensity and color of the 2D image. The actual data stored in the computer’s memory contains information about the color and intensity of individual pixels. Like a picture or a photo, a computer screen is a flat view of a real three-dimensional scene.
What should we do to reliably display information about a three-dimensional object, including also information about its internal content? The answer is obvious: instead of a set of pixels filling the plane, we need a set of spatial elements — voxels, which fill the volume of the displayed scene. A voxel represents a value on a regular grid in three-dimensional space. As with pixels in a bitmap, voxels themselves do not typically have their position (their coordinates) explicitly encoded along with their values. Instead, the position of a voxel is inferred based upon its position relative to other voxels (i.e., its position in the data structure that makes up a single volumetric image). In contrast to pixels and voxels, points and polygons are often explicitly represented by the coordinates of their vertices. A direct consequence of this difference is that polygons are able to efficiently represent simple 3D structures with lots of empty or homogeneously filled space, while voxels are good at representing regularly sampled spaces that are non-homogeneously filled. (Wikipedia). Filling a space with voxels is a much more complicated task than filling the surface with pixels. For example, if a flat screen of a computer has a resolution of one thousand per thousand pixels, then to fill it you will need a million pixels. But if we want to fill the volume with the same resolution, we need 1000x1000x1000 = 1,000,000,000 billion voxels.
However, the holographic method of recording images presents us with a surprise. The optical hologram in our example is a two-dimensional image — an image on a film that allows to unambiguously restore a full three-dimensional image using only a million pixels, not a billion. Of course, a hologram is a two-dimensional image and requires coherent light sources (for single-layer surfaces), but it contains complete information about the three-dimensional scene. However, if you just look at the photographic plate with the image of the hologram, you will not see anything meaningful: the image of the real world on the holographic plate is coded. Moreover, coding by means of coherent oscillations is common. For a black hole, this Hawking radiation, for an optical hologram, is a laser light source, for an unusual gyroscope, these are three-dimensional coherent vibrations of the elements of its rotor’s mass, and for a quantum hologram this product is the product of the probabilities of two one-dimensional wave functions and the time arrow, which leads to inflation of the holographic Screen — the holographic horizon of the Universe against the background of its global temperature. The very holographic horizon of the Universe is little known, but it is assumed that located beyond cosmological horizon. Nevertheless, for us now it is not so important because according to the Holographic Principle all phenomena in our Universe can be projected onto its surface and back to the projection center (in everybody points of space) without loss of information!

The important question now is: «What is real in an optical hologram — a 2D film or a 3D image»? The answer will be fully valid for the Holographic Principle itself: a surface with information is real, and a 3D image is an illusion constructed by the informational coding of the laws of physics. Moreover, the difference lies in the fact that for an optical hologram it is only a 3D optical image, and for a quantum hologram, in addition to the 3D optical image, it is the entropic forces on the holographic surface of the Universe that lead to the appearance of voxel forces and interactions. The appearance of the entropic force itself is described by thermodynamics on a 2D inflationary holographic screen and is due to global and local temperature gradients on it.

George Smoot, one of the pioneers in detecting the global temperature anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background, once compared the relic radiation map in the sky with the face of God. Would like to add that the scale of the discovery of the temperature anisotropy of the Universe is commensurable with the scale of the discovery of the Holographic Principle. A quantum hologram is an interesting and accurate interpretation of this fractal picture.

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Motivation

 

I suggest you take my place for a minute. For example, you invented a new type of gyroscope (www.isan.com.ua), in which the rotor under the control of the computer rotates per cycle around three axes in a vacuum, rather than around the same axis as conventional gyroscopes. And you had a suspicion that such a gyroscope might have previously unknown properties. Considering the oscillatory rotor of an unusual gyroscope, you come to the surprising conclusion: the oscillations of the rotor are coherent and you have exactly 60 variants of directions of such oscillations. At the end of each cycle, you can make changes — any two of the three rotation axes change places and get new directions. You without violating Newton’s third law can make violating the translational symmetryInternal forces in such a closed system must be compensated. But the fact, you have three gyroscopes in one, and you can control the direction of rotation of the rotor regardless of the external environment and this gives hope. What to do next? It is natural to seek a theory on the Internet. Coherence is the key to holography. And you will find a holographic principle (the authors are known all over the world). Since 1997, more than 10,000 works have been published supporting this idea. The Holographic Principle is completely consistent with the work of your unusual gyroscope, although many consider this theory a mathematical abstraction. This myth of the non-domination of the holographic idea in physics has already been partially dispelled by the thermodynamics of Verlinde but will be immediately destroyed by the working prototype of an unusual gyroscope. Of course, if it turns out that the long-range entropic forces in an unusual gyro are not compensated. And this is possible since the holographic screen has a global temperature anisotropy and thermodynamics on it demonstrated emerge long-range gravity force. The symmetry on the screen is have broken and, you can additionally violate the translational symmetry, the interaction generates a directed force, and the holographic principle confirms the action at a distance of this entropy (gravitational) force. This means that the size of the closed system is dimensions of the holographic screen of the Universe and therefore MGEF does not haven there are problems with the law of conservation of momentum.
A series of generated controlled and directed gravity forces allows us to perform shifting of the entire MGEF gyroscope structure in space in any chosen direction in a nonreactive way. This means that for one point, i.e., the MGEF rotor center of mass, the gravity, for example, the gravity of the Earth, can be fully compensated and/or overcome. Thus, the entropic force acts on the entire structure. Of course, you can consider other theories, but they will always violate Newton’s third law, regardless of on what postulates and «experiments» stand the authors.
This new holographic technology can be expanded to a meaningful scale, it could portend a revolution in the space industry. Spacecraft would no longer need hundreds of kilograms or even tons of propellant to stay in orbit or explore deep space. The International Space Station, for instance, burns through approximately 4 tons of propellant each year, and more fuel must be delivered to it regularly at a cost of about $20,000 a kilogram.you can consider other theories, but they will always violate Newton’s third law, regardless of on what postulates and «experiments» stand the authors. Therefore are of no interest. You work alone and do not represent any organization.
This technology can be expanded to a meaningful scale, it could portend a revolution in the space industry. Spacecraft would no longer need hundreds of kilograms or even tons of propellant to stay in orbit or explore deep space. The International Space Station, for instance, burns through approximately 4 tons of propellant each year, and more fuel must be delivered to it regularly at a cost of about $20,000 a kilogram.